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Proactive Sleep


"Sleep is universal, tightly regulated, and cannot be eliminated without deleterious consequences" [1].

Short Term Effects

In the short term, poor sleep causes increased blood pressure, snacking on fatty foods, insulin resistance, decrease in various cognitive functions, ability to learn[2], weakened immune system, and even a decrease in your sense of humor[3]. One Study found that even a 1-hour difference in sleep can dramatically affect the body, where heart attacks increased during daylight savings time when an hour of sleep was lost.

Furthermore, acute sleep deprivation is equally as dangerous as drunk driving.

Long Term Effects

In the long-term, unhealthy sleep is linked to decreased life span, increased obesity, cardiovascular disease, Type II Diabetes, illnesses, like the common cold[4], and neurological disorders[5].

While people are more likely to live longer if they sleep ~7-8 hours a night [6][7], it is difficult to determine whether sleep is the cause because other factors may influence this finding. However, the short-term effects of sleep deprivation on the cardiovascular, digestive, immune, and neurological systems, in conjunciton with the long-term correlations between health and sleep, suggests that sleep is crucially important to your general well being.


Proactive Sleep™ can help you understand and characterize your unique sleep patterns so you can identify possible sleep problems and figure out how to address these problems.

1) Cirelli C, Tononi G. Is sleep essential? PLoS Biology, 6:e216, 2008.

2) Huber, R., Ghilardi, M. F., Massimini, M., Ferrarelli, F., Riedner, B. A., Peterson, M. J., & Tononi, G. (2006). Arm immobilization causes cortical plastic changes and locally decreases sleep slow wave activity. Nature Neuroscience, 9, 9 1169-1176.

3) Thomas, M, Sing, H, Belenky, G, Holcomb, H, Mayberg, H, Dannals, R, Wagner, Jr., H, Thorne, D, Popp, K, Rowland, L, Welsh, A, Balwinski, S, and Redmond, D (2000). Neural basis of alertness and cognitive performance impairments during sleepiness: Effects of 24 h of sleep deprivation on waking human regional brain activity. Journal of Sleep Research, 9, 335-352.

4) Diekema, D. J. (2009). Sleep and the common cold. Journal Watch Infectious Disease, 12, 2, 9.

5) Tononi, G. & Cirelli, C. (2005). Sleep function and synaptic homeostasis. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 1-14.

6) Kripke, D., Garfinkel, L., Winegard, D., Klauber, M., & Marler, M. (2002). Mortality associated with sleep duration and insomnia. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 69 131-136.

7) Wingard, D. & Berkman, L. Mortality Risk Associated with Sleeping Patterns Amoung Adults. Sleep, 6, 2, 102-107.

Proactive Sleep ™ is a Proactive Life product.
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